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Brain injury symptoms


The brain is a wonderfully complex organ and scientists are still struggling to discover exactly how it works. It is no surprise, therefore, that brain injury symptoms are so variable and no two brain injuries are the same.


Brain injury symptoms – cognitive effects

Some people contact Accident Advice Helpline because they have suffered a brain injury that was not their own fault and are worried about the cognitive effects. Cognitive effects are involved in the way a person thinks, learns and remembers. They may find that their speed of thought, memory, understanding and concentration is affected which means that they cannot solve problems and use language in the ways that they used to before the injury. Accident Advice Helpline can help them to start a personal injury claim to get some compensation for these symptoms.


Brain injury symptoms – coma and reduced awareness states

A loss of consciousness (being ‘knocked out’) is a very common result of a brain injury. It can last for minutes, hours, weeks or months. It can then evolve into a coma, minimally conscious state or vegetative state and these can be permanent. If your relative is experiencing this at the moment then Accident Advice Helpline may be able to help you to start a personal injury claim.


Brain injury symptoms – communication problems

Communicating is a highly complex task which involves several areas of the brain. It is a skill that we all take for granted because we do it every day. A brain injury can seriously affect our ability to communicate and so affect both our quality of life and the quality of life of our family. If you have been left with communication problems following a brain injury then Accident Advice Helpline may be able to help you to start a personal injury claim.


Brain injury symptoms –emotions and behaviour

Our brain controls both our emotions and our behaviour and so it is hardly surprising that these can be affected very seriously by a brain injury. The emotional and behavioural effects of a brain injury can be divided into 11 different areas:

  • Agitation – such as restlessness and pacing
  • Explosive anger and irritability – agitated angry reactions to situations that would not have provoked a response before the injury
  • Lack of awareness and insight – this is the mental ability to monitor personal behaviour and adjust it accordingly
  • Impulsivity and disinhibition – inappropriate actions and speech
  • Emotional lability – laughing and crying very easily
  • Self-centredness – not showing any interest in anyone other than themselves
  • Apathy and poor motivation – no interest in hobbies
  • Depression – feeling very down
  • Anxiety – panic attacks, nightmares, feeling very anxious
  • Inflexibility and obsessionality – unreasonable stubbornness and obsessive behaviour.