Strokes are life-threatening, serious medical conditions. They happen when blood supply to a part of a person’s brain is somehow cut off. When a person suffers a stroke at work, or anywhere else, for that matter, it is vital to call 999 immediately and request an ambulance, as urgent medical treatment is essential.
Signs of stroke
The word ‘FAST’, standing for Face – Arm – Speech – Time, helps to us to recall the main signs of a stroke, and what to do if you suspect you or another person is having a stroke:
- Face: The sufferer’s may be dropping on one side; their eye or mouth may have dropped and/or they may not be able to smile
- Arms: Numbness or weakness in one arm may make it impossible for the sufferer to lift their arms and keep them raised
- Speech: Strokes may cause sufferers to have slurred or garbled speech. In some cases, sufferers are unable to talk at all, in spite of being apparently awake
- Time: If you see some or all of these signs, it is time to call emergency services immediately
Types and causes of strokes
There are two main types of stroke, namely ischaemic strokes and haemorrhagic strokes. A stroke may be ischaemic, accounting for 85 per cent of cases, where a blood clot is responsible for stopping the blood supply. The risk of suffering an ischaemic stroke is increased by:
- High cholesterol levels
- High blood pressure, or hypertension – often a result of stress
Haemorrhagic strokes occur when weakened blood vessels supplying the brain with blood burst. Causes here also include:
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Lack of exercise
- Stress (which could cause temporary rises in blood pressure)
A related condition, TIA (transient ischaemic attack) causes the brain’s blood supply to be temporarily interrupted, lasting anything from 30 minutes up to several hours. Also referred to as a ‘mini-stroke’, this condition should be treated as seriously as ischaemic or haemorrhagic strokes, as it is considered to be a warning of an impending full stroke.
In order to be eligible to claim for compensation, your work accident or industrial illness must have been the result of someone else’s negligence, mistake or misdemeanour. Contact Accident Advice Helpline on 0800 689 0500, for more detailed advice on claiming industrial injury compensation.
Date Published: July 22, 2015
Author: Accident Advice