Types of bone fractures


Generally speaking, fractures occur when one of the body’s 200-plus bones has had too much pressure applied to it, most often during an accident or fall. In all cases, the end result is a fully or partly broken bone.

If the accident is severe, causing a particularly nasty break, it’s possible for the bone to fracture into many different pieces.

While most fractures occur in children or the elderly, they do also happen in young adults or the middle aged.

Different types of bone fractures

There are two main types of bone fractures:

  • A closed bone fracture is where the bone breaks without damaging the skin.
  • An open fracture (sometimes also known as a compound one) does break through the skin. These types of bone fractures are more worrying, since it means the patient is likelier to get an infection in both the wound and the bone itself.

Fractures can also be classed as:

  • A comminuted fracture – which is where the bone is in three or more pieces.
  • A greenstick fracture, where the bone is broken on one side, and bent on the other side.

It’s also worth knowing that it’s possible to have a fracture along or across a bone.

It may sound obvious, but pain is the main indication that you’ve had a fracture. You may also feel light-headed or sick. If you try to move the area affected, the pain worsens. Other symptoms include bruising and swelling. You may not be able to walk if your ankle is broken, and you may not be able to use your hand if your wrist is broken.

If you even think you’ve broken a bone, seek medical attention straight away.

Broken bone because of an accident that wasn’t your fault?

Fractures can be serious injuries severely affecting daily life and your ability to do the most basic tasks.

If you’ve had a fractured bone after an accident which was due to someone else’s negligence, and which happened in the last three years, you may well be entitled to personal injury compensation to help with things like lost earnings and travel to medical appointments.

At Accident Advice Helpline, we work on a no win, no fee*’ basis so can start the claims process today without charging you a penny. Get in touch today and learn more. Call free on 0800 689 0500 or 0333 500 0993 from a mobile phone for free, no obligation advice about making a claim for compensation.

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