Head injuries – the causes and symptoms
Every year in the UK, over 700,000 people are diagnosed with head injuries. While 90% of these are classed as minor, 10% of cases are classed as serious head injuries. All head injuries have the potential to be serious and it is important to understand the potential causes and symptoms of head injuries so as you can seek medical attention when it is needed.
Head injuries – the causes
These are numerous causes of head injuries, but the main cause is trauma. This means a collision or bang to the head of some sort. this could happen in a car accident, in a trip or fall, or in a simple household accident. Many head injuries go undiagnosed, as people assume they are not serious or fail to spot potentially serious symptoms. For example, few people seek help after a faint, but a faint can cause a serious trauma to the head as you are not in a position to break your fall. And how many times have we walked into a low beam or banged a head on a kitchen cupboard. It is important to know what symptoms to watch out for. Remember that any head injury in a baby or child should be seen by an emergency doctor immediately.
The symptoms of minor head injuries
Minor head injuries may show no or very few symptoms. It won’t always be necessary to see a doctor but you should seek immediate medical attention if you spot any of these symptoms:
- nausea, vomiting or feeling sick
- swelling or severe bruising to the head
- severe headache or pain
- dizziness or faintness
- a black eye with no other bruising evident
- bleeding of any kind, but particularly from the ears or clear fluid fromm the nose or ears
- problems with balance or walking
- unusual behaviour such as irritability or an overwhelming tiredness
The symptoms of serious head injuries
Symptoms of serious head injuries can range from temporary unconsciousness to permanent brain damage. As with most injuries, early detection significantly increases the change of recovery so anyone suffering a serious head injury should immediately call 999 or go straight to their nearest Accident and Emergency department.
Symptoms of a serious head injury include:
- temporary unconsciousness
- concussion, or sudden and short term loss of comprehension skills or memory
- a fit or seizure
- problems with vision, hearing or speech
Even if these symptoms seem very temporary, they should be reported to a doctor immediately.
Claiming compensation for serious head injuries
If your head injuries were caused by someone else and you believe you may be able to claim compensation, Accident Advice Helpline can help you. Why not call our team of friendly, professional advisers and discuss your options on our 24 hour helpline on 0800 689 0500 or 0333 500 0993 from your mobile.
Date Published: 19th August 2013