First Aid Guide – The Primary Survey

The primary survey is a first aid procedure that should be carried out to help you assess a situation and determine what treatment is needed. There are four steps to the primary survey – Danger, Response, Airway and Breathing (DRAB).

  • First, check to see if either you or the casualty are in immediate danger, for example from a busy road, and make the situation safe
  • Then check for a response if they appear unconscious. Gently shake their shoulders whilst shouting, “Can you hear me?” and “Open your eyes.” If there is no response, shout for help and open the casualty’s airway. If they respond, leave them in the position you found them in and get help if needed. Monitor their vital signs – pulse and breathing – and treat any condition such as bleeding
  • Open the casualty’s airway by putting one hand on their forehead. Tilt their head back and lift the chin with two fingers to move their tongue away from the back of their mouth
  • Check they’re breathing; look to see if their chest is rising and falling, listen for breathing and feel for breath against your cheek – do this for no more than 10 seconds. If they’re breathing normally, place them in the recovery position. If they’re not breathing, begin CPR and call 999

Injured during first aid

If you are injured whilst somebody is giving you first aid, it can be tempting to blame the first-aider. It’s important to establish whether negligence has occurred – for example, has somebody who has been trained in first aid failed to carry out the primary survey and commence CPR? Depending on the extent of your injuries, you may be awarded compensation for pain and suffering, any loss of earnings resulting from time off work and also compensation for the cost of any medical treatment.

Could you claim compensation?

If you think you may be eligible to claim compensation for injuries caused by first aid, get in touch with Accident Advice Helpline – we can tell you whether you have a viable claim. We’re here to offer confidential, no-obligation advice and our personal injury lawyers have years of experience handling claims for customers. We’re backed by our patron, TV personality Esther Rantzen, and we provide a 100% no win, no fee* service, so you know you can rely on us. Call our freephone helpline today to find out if you could claim compensation.

  • Was this Helpful ?
  • Yes   No

How much you could claim?

Two QUICK ways to find:
  1. Call us at 0800 689 0500 or 0333 500 0993 from your mobile OR
  2. Use our Claim Calculator

Disclaimer: This website contains content contributed by third parties, therefore any opinions, comments or other information expressed on this site that do not relate to the business of AAHDL or its associated companies should be understood as neither being held or endorsed by this business.
Claim Calculator
Find out in 30 seconds how much YOU could claim...
  • Please tell us where you were injured
  • Please enter your full name
  • Please enter a valid name
  • Please enter your telephone number
  • Please enter a valid telephone number
  • Terms and Conditions*Required

Can I Claim?

Esther says "The law states that if you’ve been injured and someone else is to blame, you are entitled to compensation." Read more >

Claim Calculator ► Accident Types ►

How Much Could I Claim?

It only takes 30 seconds to find out how much compensation you could receive. Take the 30 second test now.>

30 Second test ► Claim Form ►

Why Choose Us?

"When they say they are 100% no-win, no-fee*, they mean it. I would recommend Accident Advice Helpline to anybody." Read more >

No-Win, No-Fee*? ► Testimonials ►

Claim Now

"They were ever so professional ... they knew exactly what I was going through ... I received over £4500." Read more >

Claim Form ► Call Me Back ►
Is there anything wrong with this page? ( Help us Improve )