Traumatic brain injuries can occur for many reasons but are commonly the result of external factors such as a fall or being hit with extreme force on the head. Some common causes include:
- Being hit on the head as a result of a falling object
- Suffering a fall from height or a fall on a hard surface
- Road traffic accidents
A traumatic brain injury can have a range of effects, notably swelling of the brain, bleeding, increased pressure on the brain and complications due to lack of oxygen to the brain. The first injury may have a crushing effect on the head and brain, it may be an open wound or it may just be an extreme bump with no visible trauma or with bruising. Secondary injury to the brain occurs when the brain is starved of oxygen, either because the person is choking or there has been a lack of blood flow to the brain due to blood loss from the initial injury. Lastly, the initial injuries are likely to have other effects including pressure on the brain or blood clots. As these can cause extreme pain and can have a lasting effect on a patient’s brain function, treatment should be sought immediately and a doctor should recommend a stay in hospital for those who have suffered a serious injury to the head. A failure to diagnose traumatic brain injury can have lasting consequences for the sufferer and can cause permanent damage in some cases.
If you have been involved in an accident that wasn’t your fault, which led to a brain injury then call Accident Advice Helpline on 0800 689 0500. Our expert team offer no-obligation, free advice and can start your ‘no win, no fee*’ claim today.