Brain and head injuries received in car accidents are known as traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and they fall into two main types – penetrating injuries and closed head injuries. Just as it sounds, penetrating injuries are where an object has penetrated the skull, causing damage to the brain, and closed head injuries are where a blow to the head occurs but does not penetrate the skull. These two types are further separated by levels of severity into primary brain damage and secondary brain damage.
Injuries classified as primary and secondary brain damage
Injuries classified as primary brain damage can be devastating and include fractures of the skull, lacerations of the brain tissue itself, nerve damage, hematomas (otherwise known as blood clots), and bruises to the brain tissue. Primary brain damage happens at the time of the accident and is immediately apparent.
Secondary brain damage caused by car accidents is often not immediately apparent at the time of the accident and develops over time. Injuries categorised as secondary brain damage include abnormal coagulation, hematoma, intracranial infection, epilepsy, increased pressure inside the skull, and brain swelling. All of these conditions can be extremely serious causing major problems functioning and communicating in everyday life.
Because the brain also controls the body, brain injuries can cause a multitude of bodily problems including nausea, vomiting, a lack of control of the limbs, tinnitus, headaches, seizures, and reduced strength. Problems related to mental functioning include difficulty understanding words, writing, speaking in turn, controlling tone of voice, and comprehending facial expressions and body language.
What to do if you have been injured in a car accident
If you have been injured in a car accident that wasn’t your fault, you may be entitled to make a claim for personal injury compensation. To find out more about this legal provision and discuss your case in detail, call Accident Advice Helpline on 0800 689 0500 to speak to one of our trained expert advisers. They’ll be able to help you assess whether or not your accident was due to the negligence of the other driver, and how much compensation you could possibly receive based on the severity of your injuries.
We are proud to have helped accident victims receive the compensation they are due on a no win, no fee* basis for over thirteen years now, and to have the patronage of consumer champion Esther Rantzen.