Concussions are traumatic brain injuries of varying severity that cause altered mental states and may include unconsciousness. The following paragraphs explore what causes concussions, what the medical signs of a concussion are and why it is important to catch a concussion early.
Causes of Concussions
Typically resulting from impacts to the head or whiplash-type injuries that cause the head to violently shake back and forth, concussions can be caused by:
- Car accidents
- Slips, trips and falls
- Hit by a falling, flying or otherwise moving objects
People participating in impact sports like rugby, football or boxing, for example, are at a heightened risk of sustaining concussions.
Medical signs of a concussion
Some of the medical signs of a concussion include:
- Balance problems
- Loss of consciousness (however brief) after an injury
- Double or blurred vision
- Feeling sluggish
- Memory problems
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sensitivity to noise, light or both
- Slowed reaction to verbal, visual or motor stimuli
Signs of a concussion requiring immediate emergency treatment include:
- Abnormal eye movements
- Draining of clear fluid or blood from the nose or ears
- Inability to wake the injured individual up (also known as a coma)
- Lasting confusion
- Problems walking
- Repeated vomiting
- Slurred speech
- Unequal pupil size
- Weak muscles
As a rule, concussions are not life-threatening. They may, however, cause symptoms severe enough to require medical treatment and, if not treated in time, could cause more serious, potentially fatal problems.
If the medical signs of a concussion are ignored or not recognised and a second concussion is sustained before the initial injury had a chance to heal, a condition known as SIS, or second impact syndrome, may develop. SIS significantly increases the risk of severe swelling to the brain and could be fatal. This scenario is again more likely to occur in impact sports like boxing, which is one of the reasons ringside medics are a compulsory requirement at all boxing events.
Accident Advice Helpline
If you suffered a concussion in a slip, trip or fall or car, work or boxing accident, you could be entitled to personal injury compensation if:
- You sustained your accidental injury within the last 36 months
- Someone else was responsible for the accident causing your injury
Our experienced, nationwide team of in-house solicitors can help you get the compensation you deserve. Call 0333 500 0993 or 0800 689 0500 from your mobile or a UK landline now to find out whether you can claim.
Date Published: February 6, 2017
Author: Accident Advice