Severe bleeding may be caused by a sharp object, a puncture wound or another injury such as a knock to the head. Treating severe bleeding should not be done using bare hands if possible, as you run the risk of transferring bacteria to the open wound and causing infection.
Start by washing your hands and, if there is a first aid kit handy, there should be sterile gloves you can put on before you treat the patient. If any organs have moved out of place, do not try to move them back into place; cover the wound with a sterile bandage or dressing. The first thing to do is to lie the patient down and cover them to prevent loss of heat.
The part of the body which is bleeding should be elevated if possible. If not, keep the head lower than the legs and trunk when laying them into position. The main thing to do is to try and stop the bleeding so remove any dirt or debris but do not remove larger embedded objects as this could make bleeding accelerate. Use a clean cloth or bandage to apply pressure to the wound.
Apply pressure for at least 20 minutes and then bind the wound with a clean replacement dressing or bandage and tape. These can be found in a first aid kit. Use anything available if you do not have a first aid kit, ensuring that it is clean. Do not remove the bandage if the bleeding continues, merely wrap more bandage around it. Get the person to the hospital as soon as possible, keeping pressure on the wound.
Severe injuries and accidents
The dangers of severe injuries depend on the area of the body which has been affected and the size of the wound. Treating severe bleeding is the same in any case, applying pressure and attempting to stop the bleeding are the main priorities. The wound could be a head injury or it could be a deep cut caused by a fall or trip. However, in some cases, there may have been someone else at fault for your injury. This could be due to lax health and safety in your workplace or it could be due to someone driving dangerously causing a car accident.
Accidents can happen anywhere but, if your accident was caused by someone else, you may be entitled to compensation. You can give Accident Advice Helpline a call for no-obligation advice regarding your accident or injury. We specialise in helping victims of accidents that were the fault of someone else or were due to negligence, therefore we may be able to win you some compensation for your injuries.
Date Published: October 2, 2014
Author: David Brown