Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is a basic first aid technique but can save lives if performed correctly. It is used when a person’s heart stops or when they are having trouble breathing, for example during a heart attack or when someone is drowning. Begin by laying the person on their back. Kneel next to the person’s shoulders and place the heel of one hand over the centre of the chest. Keeping your elbows straight and using your upper body weight, press down on the chest continuously. These are called chest compressions and you should be pushing the chest down around two inches each time.
If you are trained in performing CPR, continue on to check the airway. Tilt the head backwards by holding the chin. Gently lift the chin forward to open airways and check for normal breathing. If there are no signs of breathing or the person is gasping for air, begin mouth to mouth breathing. Close the nose and cover the person’s mouth with yours then breathe. Check that their chest rises and do this twice. If the person is having a heart attack, those who are not trained in CPR can continue chest compressions until the emergency services arrive. Give two rescue breaths followed by thirty chest compressions. Continue until the person shows signs of life or until the emergency services arrive.
Accidents and injuries requiring CPR
Performing CPR is better than doing nothing, even if you are untrained in the full procedure. Just continuing chest compressions restores blood circulation and could save the life of someone whose heart has stopped beating. This could be due to a heart attack or it could be due to poisoning or a drug overdose. It could also be due to an infection or an underlying illness which has not yet been diagnosed. Accidents could also cause a person to fall unconscious or stop breathing. Someone may have slipped or fallen and sustained a head injury. Someone may also have recently been treated in hospital and have taken medications or undergone surgery that has resulted in complications.
Accidents can happen anywhere but, if there was someone else at fault or negligence took place, you may be entitled to compensation. A compensation claims company like Accident Advice Helpline can assist you with this. We care about our clients’ welfare and aim to win them the best compensation payout possible for their injury or illness. If you have suffered an accident or injury that was the fault of someone else, give us a call for some no-obligation advice.